### What is Sharpe Ratio?

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The Sharpe ratio which is otherwise called as Sharpe index / Sharpe measure / reward-to-variability ratio is a measure of the excess return (or...

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In mathematics and statistics, covariance is a measure of the relationship between random variables. This metric used to measure how one random variable moves...

### Steps involved in Fundamental Analysis

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Fundamental analysis is the key element of investing. In fact, all types of investing comprise studying some fundamentals. The subject of fundamental analysis is also...

### Multivariate Normality Tests with R – Mardia’s Test, Henze-Zirkler, Royston

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Most multivariate techniques, such as Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), Factor Analysis, MANOVA and Multivariate Regression are based on an assumption of multivariate normality. So,...

### Why you should use Adjusted closing prices for Analysis

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Beginners in analysis often do a basic mistake by considering the closing prices of stocks for analysis instead of Adjusted closing price. In this...

### How to Calculate Descriptive statistics using R

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In this post, I will explain how to calculate basic descriptive statistics using R. The following R scripts helps to calculate descriptive statistics such...

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