The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards granted in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. Today, the prize is awarded for Outstanding contributions to humanity in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine and Economics.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903
Antoine Henri Becquerel – “in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity”
Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska – “in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel”
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1903
Svante August Arrhenius – “in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered to the advancement of chemistry by his electrolytic theory of dissociation”
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1903
Niels Ryberg Finsen – “in recognition of his contribution to the treatment of diseases, especially lupus vulgaris, with concentrated light radiation, whereby he has opened a new avenue for medical science”
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1903
Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson – “as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit”
The Nobel Peace Prize 1903
William Randal Cremer
Share and Subscribe SAR Publisher. Leave your queries in the comment section below.
Source: All Nobel Prizes. NobelPrize.org.