The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards granted in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. Today, the prize is awarded for Outstanding contributions to humanity in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine and Economics.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1904
Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt) – “for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies”
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904
Sir William Ramsay – “in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system”
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov – “in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged”
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1904
Frédéric Mistral – “in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist”
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre –“in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama”
The Nobel Peace Prize 1904
Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)
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Source: All Nobel Prizes. NobelPrize.org.