The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards granted in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. Today, the prize is awarded for Outstanding contributions to humanity in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine and Economics.
The Nobel Prize for Physics in 1976
Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting – for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind
The Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1976
William N. Lipscomb – for his studies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding
The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1976
Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdusek – for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases
The Nobel Prize for Literature in 1976
Saul Bellow – for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work
The Nobel Peace Prize in 1976
Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1976
Milton Friedman – for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy
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Source: All Nobel Prizes. NobelPrize.org.