The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards granted in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. Today, the prize is awarded for Outstanding contributions to humanity in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine and Economics.
The Nobel Prize for Physics in 2017
Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne – for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves
The Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2017
Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson – for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2017
Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young – for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm
The Nobel Prize for Literature in 2017
Kazuo Ishiguro – who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world
The Nobel Peace Prize in 2017
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) – for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2017
Richard H. Thaler – for his contributions to behavioural economics
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Source: All Nobel Prizes. NobelPrize.org.